Nearsightedness is a prevalent vision problem in children but also affects adults. It can be best that you visit an optometrist as soon as you start noticing the symptoms. At M-Eye Vision, serving Katy, TX, we provide eye care covering many vision complications. Here's a breakdown of nearsightedness.
An Overview of Myopia
As the name suggests, nearsightedness is a vision problem where you can see close objects clearly, but far away objects are blurry. It usually manifests when the shape of your eyes makes light rays bend incorrectly; as a result, focusing images in off the retina rather than on the retina. This vision problem can develop gradually or rapidly, and the symptoms commonly become pronounced during childhood and adolescence.
What Are the Symptoms of Nearsightedness?
Nearsightedness manifests itself with the following symptoms:
- Distant objects will appear blurry
- Frequent headaches because of eyestrain
- The need to partially close your eyelids (squint) to see clearly
- Difficulty seeing clearly when driving, mostly at night (night nearsightedness)
If your child develops nearsightedness during their early school years, you may notice that they:
- Blink excessively
- Seem not to notice distant objects
- Rub their eyes frequently
- Must sit in front of the classroom to see the writings on the class board
- Constantly sit close to the movie screen or television
When to See an Eye Doctor
You should visit an eye doctor for an eye exam as soon as you notice you or your child has symptoms of nearsightedness. Keep in mind that a vision exam by a licensed eye doctor is the a good way to diagnose your vision problems. The exam will also determine the extent of your nearsightedness. However, you should seek emergency medical attention immediately if you notice:
- Notice the sudden appearance of a large amount of floaters (tiny drifting specs) in your vision
- A curtain-like shadow across your field of vision
- Light flashes in one or both eyes
These symptoms may indicate retinal detachment, a rare but more severe complication of condition. Retinal detachment is a time-critical medical emergency.
What Are the Forms of Myopia Control?
The extent of your nearsightedness will determine the treatment that your optometrist will recommend. The primary nearsightedness treatment options are:
- Atropine eye drops: They work to dilate the pupil and, in the interim, limit how much your eyes can shift focus
- Corneal reshaping lenses (ortho-k contact lenses): These you will have to wear before sleeping, and they will work to shape your cornea as you sleep
- Contact lenses: They allow the wearer to see distant objects clearly without needing glasses
- Eyeglasses: These work similarly to contact lenses and suit persons not comfortable wearing contacts all-day
Get an Eye Exam from an Optometrist on Our Team
If you reside in Katy, TX, come to our optometry clinic at M-Eye Vision. Call us at (281) 394-7886.